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NDA Exam Syllabus and Pattern to Join Indian Airforce, Army & Navy

NDA entrance Exam is conducted by UPSC. Full form of NDA is National Defence Academy and full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission. To crack this test in the first chance you should know the NDA exam syllabus and pattern in details.

If you are willing to serve the nation by joining Indian Airforce, Indian Army or Indian Navy after 12th class, you should clear the written examination first. Check the eligibility conditions first.



NDA Exam Syllabus and Pattern:

As a part of NDA Exam Procedure, written examination for admission to All the three Wings of NDA will be held for mainly two subjects- Mathematics and General Ability Test.

NDA entrance exam syllabus is clearly described below.

Read procedure to join Indian Air Force through NDA.



Paper I: NDA exam Syllabus for Mathematics:

Mathematics is the most important part of NDA entrance exam syllabus. For Mathematics, Maximum Marks is allotted 300 and time 2.30Hours. You should study the below chapters of mathematics as mentioned in the official syllabus for the Exam.


a. Algebra is an important subject to study for NDA entrance exam:

The concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams.

De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation.

Representation of real numbers on a line.

Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity.

Binary system of numbers.

Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa.

Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions.

Quadratic equations with real coefficients.

Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs.

Permutation and Combination.

Binomial theorem and its applications.

Logarithms and their applications.



b. NDA entrance exam Maths syllabus includes Matrices and Determinants:

Study types of matrices, operations on matrices. The determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants.

Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.



c. Trigonometry is another important subject to study:

Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians.

Trigonometrical ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae.

Multiple and Submultiple angles.

Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.



d. NDA Exam Syllabus of Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions:

Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system.

Distance formula. The equation of a line in various forms. An angle between two lines.

The distance of a point from a line. An equation of a circle in standard and in general form.

Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic.

Point in a three-dimensional space, the distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios.

Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios.

The equation of a plane and a line in various forms.

The angle between two lines and the angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.




e. Differential Calculus is another important subject for NDA entrance exam maths syllabus:

Concept of a real valued function-domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions.

Notion of limit, Standard limits examples. Continuity of functions examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions.

Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative applications.

Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function.

Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.


Also read IIT JAM 2018 Syllabus.

nda exam syllabus and pattern


f. Integral Calculus And Differential Equations for NDA Entrance Exam:

Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions.

Evaluation of definite integrals, determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves,  applications.

Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples.

General and particular solution of differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.



g. NDA Exam Syllabus of Vector Algebra for NDA:

Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector.

Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors.

Vector product or cross product of two vectors.

Applications-work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.



h. Knowledge of Statistics And Probability for IAF NDA Entry:

Statistics : Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution examples.

Graphical representation Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon examples.

Measures of Central tendency Mean, median and mode.

Variance and standard deviation determination and comparison. Correlation and regression.

Probability : Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events.

Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events.

Definition of probability, classical and statistical examples. Elementary theorems on probability- simple problems.

Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem -simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.





Paper-II : NDA exam syllabus and pattern for General Ability Test:

NDA entrance exam syllabus divides General Ability test into two parts. This test includes Knowledge of English language and General Knowledge.

You should have a good knowledge of Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Geography, History and Current events.



Part ‘A’  NDA entrance exam Knowledge of English Language  syllabus:

To be part of Indian Arms, you should have a good knowledge of English. For NDA Entrance Exam, the English paper will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workmanlike use of words. Maximum marks for this paper will be 200.

The syllabus covers various aspects like-

  • Grammar and usage,
  • vocabulary,
  • comprehension and
  • cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.+



Part ‘B’  NDA exam syllabus and pattern for General Knowledge:

This is the interesting part of NDA entrance exam syllabus. This part consumes less time to answer the questions. With an extra interest, you can earn more marks through this section.

The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects: Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events. Maximum marks for this paper is allotted 400.



a. NDA Physics Syllabus:

Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume,
Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.
Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy.
Effects of Heat, Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat.
Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments.
Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction.
Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye.
Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.
Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors,
Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects
of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells,
Use of X-Rays.
General Principles in the working of the following:
Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps,
Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs,
Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening
Conductors, Safety Fuses.



b. NDA exam Chemistry Syllabus:

Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water.

Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction.
Acids, bases and salts.
Carbon—different forms.
Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial.

Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper,
Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder.
Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and
Molecular Weights, Valency.


c. General Science syllabus for NDA entrance exam:
Difference between the living and non-living.
Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues.
Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals.
Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs.
Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
Food—Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet.
The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses.
Achievements of Eminent Scientists.


d. NDA Syllabus for History, Freedom Movement:

A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation.

Freedom Movement in India.
Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration.
Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India.
Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development.
Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and
Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial
Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on
Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy,
Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.



e. NDA entrance exam Syllabus for Knowledge of Geography:

The Earth, its shape and size. Latitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects.

Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering
Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes.
Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition;
Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and
Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate,
Major Natural regions of the World.
Regional Geography of India- Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power Resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities.

Important Sea ports and main sea, land, and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.



f. Learn Current Events for NDA Entry:

Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years.
Current important world events.
Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.





Here is all you need to know about the NDA exam syllabus and pattern 2017. Besides, you can join Indian Airforce after graduation through AFCAT and through CDSE.

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